UkraineIS Chairman Sergiy Vakarin has visited CERN and met with the legendary physicist Klaus Bätzner
What is CERN? The largest mechanism devised by humans. The coldest place in the Universe (-271.3 °C). The place where first antimatter on Earth was created.
The European Nuclear Research Center (CERN) was founded in 1954 and now employs 12 000 physicists from 100 countries who regularly make breakthroughs in our understanding of everything from outer space to subatomic particles, including the origins of the Universe, dark matter and future energy sources.
Klaus Bätzner seems to know all about the secrets of the Universe. It is better to have some knowledge of physics and particle theory in particular, but the passion and experience of Dr Bätzner will help understand the basics even if the listeners are not professional physicists. The scientist worked at CERN from early 1960s and was involved in most of its exciting experiments, from building the proton accelerators to preparation of space missions for research of solar activity and cosmic rays. Now he is retired and conducts the most interesting tours in the world on topics of physics and natural sciences, especially for young people from England, Germany, France and elsewhere. Sergiy Vakarin met with a group of students from Switzerland and their teacher Raschid Diallo.
The Large Hadron Collider is closed for visits until 2019, but Sergiy Vakarin visited the Control Center of the famous ATLAS Experiment, the particle detector used to search for dark matter and the Higgs boson. And how many dimensions of space and time do you know? Three, four, five? Why not eleven? Invisible dimensions are also explored on ATLAS.
At the same time, particle detectors can work better in the outer space. For example, from the ISS orbit it is possible to explore events in the distant Universe without hindrance. This is why AMS spectrometer was installed on the ISS. Data recorded by AMS are most important for research of the antimatter, dark matter and primordial cosmic rays.
At CERN, the best scholars were given the freedom to expand boundaries of fundamental research. And this freedom leads to the most unexpected discoveries. The World Wide Web was born here, because it was demanded for most effective exchange of ideas and information. Now CERN data is processed on 100 000 processors located in 35 countries.
Ukraine holds an honorary place among the eight associate members of CERN. And CERN has programs for our teachers, but it is worth a separate story.
And one question remains: what could be found in the trash bins of the Antimatter Factory?