CERN quantum computing experiments and Ukrainian scientific co-authoring project to boost R&D effectiveness
Last week a delegation of the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) visited Kyiv. The former CERN Director Rolf-Dieter Heuer, the one who announced the winning discovery of the Higgs boson (the authors received a Nobel prize later), opened the CERN in Images exhibition in Ukraine. UkraineIS has obtained the high-resolution copies of the exhibition images, fragments of which are published here. Ukraine is an associated member of CERN.
Nobel laureates and other leading scientists often mention lack of funding for fundamental research as investors increasingly focus on applied research projects. This problem is further complicated by outdated and narrow-focused education programs, and as a result, we witness decline of many scientific schools and much lower numbers of new breakthrough scientific ideas than in previous decades.
Winton’s AuthorWeb is a system for co-authoring that can boost productivity of the researchers and help new scientific discoveries to emerge. Sergiy Vakarin, Irina Sevbo-Biletska and Vitaliy Nebylitsa made a winning presentation of AuthorWeb at the Silicon Valley Open Doors investor conference. To implement the AuthorWeb, significant computing power is required, and quantum computing is one possible pathway. Some of the CERN experiments seem to prove the concept of quantum computing. For instance, currently D-Wave’s approach to quantum computing is currently undergoing testing at CERN.
New concepts and new semantic representations are needed to present and interpret the D-Wave’s approach and other quantum processes that are occurring in the “parallel worlds”, as the authors describe them, to solve problems in this one. Human languages provide only limited means to describe and discuss them. In fact, as such phenomena are not widely understood, concepts of the existing languages are insufficient to deal with them. On the other hand, humans always lived in a multi-dimensional world with complex probabilities, though simplified models and theories were necessarily used to describe subsets of this world. Quantum computing and AuthorWeb may provide an unprecedented chance to develop completely new concepts and models. In particular, this will be a basis for much more powerful analysis and forecasting systems. But we are basically talking about creating a new language. Efforts of many people from different countries are needed to complete such a project.
This is very important as historically humans conceptualized phenomena mainly after they occurred. But here we are talking about nuclear research and the language to describe it should be developed in parallel or, even better, before we face new unknown phenomena in these unchartered waters. This language should include such concepts as responsibility, intellectual honesty and limitations of our judgment abilities.
Sevbo-Biletska and Vakarin used a prototype of AuthorWeb to perform text search and analysis for the book On the Verge of Another Being, which became the basis of a comprehensive research into the future of science and technology. Irina Sevbo-Biletska (Beletsky) spoke at the Continuing Studies of the Simon Fraser University (Canada), and Sergiy Vakarin invited her to speak at the Space and Future Forum about the future of physics and information theory. A popular international artificial intelligence portal already shared the video of her presentation published by UkraineIS. Sergiy Vakarin also supported Future of Hi-techs and Education project at the CosmoHack, and one of main components of the project is cybersecurity. Many cybersecurity problems would be facilitated by quantum computers. Efforts of many people from different countries are needed to complete such a project.
To bring up new scientists capable of profound interdisciplinary research, modern scientific education and popular science must be a priority. Wide public should perceive science with fascination and trust.
Ukraine can learn a lot from Swiss popular science projects. CERN exhibitions are a good example. The La Chaux-de-Fonds Clock Museum in Neuchatel Canton illustrates the link between horology and physics – the time projection chamber segment from the ALEPH particle detector was used in the Large Electron Positron Collider in CERN. And science should also be visible in open spaces, like My Images of Science open air exhibition in Geneva.
Modern knowledge is highly fragmented. Still, the Theory of Everything may still emerge. Sergiy Vakarin guessed in one interview that the concept of Infospace may become the basis for the new Theory of Everything.